Black Non-Irish Five Times More likely to Experience Discrimination Seeking Work in Ireland, More Than Twice as Likely to Experience Workplace Discrimination

Human Rights and Equality Commission and ESRI Publish Findings

New research has shown that Black non-Irish people are five times more likely to experience discrimination when seeking employment in Ireland when compared to White Irish people. Black non-Irish people are over two and a half times more likely to experience discrimination when in employment compared to White Irish people.

The new study entitled “Ethnicity and Nationality in the Irish Labour Market” looks at Central Statistics Office (CSO) data from the Quarterly National Household Survey Equality Modules from 2004, 2010 and 2014 to capture how labour market outcomes and the experience of discrimination have changed through economic boom, recession and early recovery.

The research published by the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission (‘the Commission’) and the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) examines the experience of immigrants and minority ethnic groups in the Irish labour market across four measures: employment rates; occupation; discrimination when seeking work and in the workplace.

Some of the key findings include:

  • People from the Black non-Irish group are less than half (0.4 times) as likely to be employed than White Irish and five times as likely to experience discrimination when seeking work.
  • People from the Black Irish group are twice as likely to experience discrimination seeking work and just under three and a half times (3.4 times) as likely to experience discrimination in the workplace as White Irish.
  • Both the Black Non-Irish and Black Irish groups are much less likely to hold a managerial or professional job.
  • The White EU-East nationals group are much less likely to hold a managerial or professional job but show no difference in their rates of employment.
  • The Asian Irish group of people do not differ in terms of employment rates and are more likely to be working in professional/managerial occupations but are almost twice (1.9 times) as likely to experience workplace discrimination.
  • Overall it seems that the disadvantage experienced by some groups in relation to securing employment in top jobs (managerial/professional level) appears to be narrowing over the period since 2004.

The report’s analysis includes lessons from the findings for Ireland:

Future labour market policies should consider the significant variation found in outcomes of ethnic groups.

Recognising foreign education qualifications may account for some difficulties faced by non-Irish nationals. It is important that awareness of recognition of skills and qualifications attained abroad is promoted among both immigrants and employers to prevent skills being underutilised and enable job mobility.

Raising awareness and the provision of information about equality legislation to immigrant and resident communities and the supports available is identified as an important mechanism to prevent discrimination.

Emily Logan, Chief Commissioner of the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission stated:

Access to and use of good quality data and empirical research are of crucial importance in identifying the barriers to the full enjoyment of human rights and equality that persist in our society, as well as the people whom these barriers most affect.

“With a continuously improving jobs market and increases in immigration flows to Ireland, it is important to ensure that people resident in Ireland are afforded equal employment opportunities and integrated into the labour market.

“The much higher rates of labour market discrimination experienced by some ethnic groups highlights the need for employers to proactively work to ensure diversity in the workplace and to avoid incidences of discrimination in recruitment.”

Lead author of the report, Frances McGinnity of the ESRI stated:

“Different ethnic groups have different outcomes in the Irish labour market, even if they are Irish citizens. This suggests that we need to consider ethnicity more explicitly when designing policies to overcome differences in labour market outcomes across different groups”

ENDS

 

For further information, please contact:

Brian Dawson, IHREC Communications Manager,

01 8589601 / 087 0697095

bdawson@ihrec.ie

Follow us on twitter @_IHREC

Frances McGinnity (Associate Research Professor, ESRI),  01 8632066 or 086-8330077, fran.mcginnity@esri.ie

Sarah Groarke, Research Assistant, ESRI – 01 863 2134 or 086 258 8428 sarah.groarke@esri.ie

Editor’s Note:

“Ethnicity and Nationality in the Irish Labour Market” by Frances McGinnity, Raffaele Grotti,  Sarah Groarke and Sarah Coughlan of the ESRI is available online on the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission website at www.ihrec.ie and the ESRI website at www.esri.ie.

The report “Ethnicity and Nationality in the Irish Labour Market” was prepared for the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission by the Economic and Social Research Institute. It is the fifth in the series of publications as part of the Research Programme on Human Rights and Equality.

The study is jointly published by The Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission and the Economic and Social Research Institute.

The Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission,

The Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission is an independent public body, appointed by the President and directly accountable to the Oireachtas. The Commission has a statutory remit set out under the Irish Human Rights and Equality Commission Act (2014) to protect and promote human rights and equality in Ireland, and build a culture of respect for human rights, equality and intercultural understanding in the State. As part of its statutory remit, the Commission has a specific function to work towards the elimination of discrimination.

The Economic and Social Research Institute,

The Economic and Social Research Institute is an independent research institute working towards a vision of ‘Informed policy for a better Ireland’. The ESRI seeks to support sustainable economic growth and social progress in Ireland by providing a robust knowledge base capable of providing effective solutions to public policy challenges.

 

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