I have an issue about education
The Equal Status Acts 2000-2015 (ESA) makes it unlawful for educational establishments to discriminate on any of the nine grounds.
Educational establishments include preschool services, primary or secondary schools, and institutions which provide continuing or third level education, for example universities. This includes both public and private establishments.
Vocational training is covered under the Employment Equality Acts 1998-2015, rather than the ESA.
It is unlawful for an educational establishment to discriminate in relation to:
- Access to any course, facility or benefit they provide
- Any other term or condition of participation
- the expulsion of a student, or any other sanction against a student
However, there are some situations in which the ESA allows people to be treated differently in schools, colleges and third-level institutions.
These are known as exemptions. These include for example:
- Gender: Primary and secondary schools can be just for girls or just for boys.
- Religion: Primary and secondary schools can give preference to students from one particular religion. They can refuse to admit someone of a different religion, so long as they prove that this is essential to keep the religious ethos of the school. It is not a refusal if the school is full and the applicant is put on a waiting list.
- Religion and gender: Places which provide training for ministers of religion can admit students of only one gender and a particular religious belief.
- Age: Places which educate adults can treat mature students differently so as to encourage them to attend. For example, they may have easier entry requirements than students coming straight from school.
- Disability: The school or college must provide reasonable accommodations for students with disabilities who need them so that they can participate fully. However, a place of education can treat a student with a disability differently if the nature of their disability it would make it impossible or very difficult to teach other students.
- Nationality: Places which educate adults can have different rules about fees, admission and grants for students who are citizens of countries outside the EU.
- Age, gender and disability: In the provision or organisation of sporting facilities or sporting events, t is not discrimination to treat people differently where it is reasonably necessary, according to age, gender or disability. For example, competitions on sports day could be just for girls or just for boys of a certain age.
There are other forms of exemption under the ESA, including:
- General exemptions, which apply to all kinds of goods and services
- Specific exemptions which apply to goods and services
- Specific exemptions which apply only to accommodation services
- Specific exemptions which apply only to clubs